Fibromyalgia | Comprehensive Pain Management Center


Fibromyalgia, a chronic connective tissue disorder, is described as widespread pain often linked

with a sleep disorder, fatigue, and psychological pain. It is more descriptively defined as

multiple, 11-18, tender points on the body with pain lasting for at least three months. These

points of soreness are found on the back, neck, arms, and legs, are sensitive to light pressure, and

usually do not show signs of inflammation but may be accompanied by stiffness. Fibromyalgia is

more common in women from age 30-50 but may be seen in anyone.

Diagnosis is made using the patient’s history of symptoms and a physical examination to pin

point where and how many tender spots a patient has. If less than 11 spots are stimulated, or

spots are sore in locations not associated with fibromyalgia, it is considered myofascial pain


Certain treatments may significantly improve fibromyalgia pain. Sometimes both psychological

and physical pain must be treated.

Treatments include:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAID)
  • Antidepressants
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Acetaminophen
  • Membrane-stabilizing drugs
  • Sleeping aids
  • Heat
  • Nerve stimulation

The goal of these treatments is to reduce discomfort, increase physical activity, and reestablish

sleep cycles. A combination of medicinal therapy and alternative therapies such as acupuncture

and physical activity has become more popular.


Comprehensive Pain Management Center