Migraines

Migraines | Comprehensive Pain Management Center

Migraines

Migraines are described as a condition of recurring migraine headaches. Migraines affect women

more than men and are believed to be caused by the swelling of blood vessels and an imbalance

of chemicals in the brain. Migraines seem to be caused by a mixture of genetics and

environmental factors. Certain environmental factors that may trigger migraines include stress,

lights, loud noises, caffeine, alcohol, and odors. Before a migraine attack, some patients may see

an aura, a flash of light or smell, warning them.

Symptoms (during an attack)

  • Severe head pain described as throbbing pain usually on one side of the head
  • Sensitivity to light and odor
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Lightheadedness
  • May last four to 72 hours

Treatment of migraines often involves a mixture of pharmaceuticals and lifestyle changes to prevent attacks.

  • Avoiding triggers: caffeine, alcohol, odors, stress
  • Adjusting sleep conditions
  • Exercising
  • Healthy eating
  • Beta-blockers
  • Antidepressants
  • Pain relievers
  • Anti-nausea medications
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